|Yttrium has the highest thermo-dynamic affinity for oxygen of any element, this characteristic is the basis for many of its applications. While not part of the rare earth series, it resembles the heavy rare earths which are sometimes referred to as the Yttrics for this reason. Another unique characteristic derives from its ability to form crystals with useful properties. Some of the many applications of Yttrium include in ceramics for crucibles for molten reactive metals, in florescent lighting phosphors, computer displays and automotive fuel consumption sensors. Yttria stabilized Zirconium Oxide are used in high temperature applications, such as in thermal plasma sprays to protect aerospace high temperature surfaces.
Yttrium is also used for producing a variety of synthetic garnets with different applications such as microwave filters, acoustic energy transmitters and transducers. Yttrium can be used to produce powerful pulsed lasers and superconductors. In biomedical field, yttrium is used in cancer treatment drugs, rheumatoid arthritis medicines and surgical supplies.
Yttrium Metal is widely applied in making speciality alloys, it increase the strengths of alloys of metals such as Chromium, Aluminium, and Magnesium. Yttrium is one of the elements used to make the red color in CRT televisions. As a metal, it is used on the electrodes of some high-performance spark plugs. Yttrium is also used in the manufacturing of gas mantles for propane lanterns as a replacement for Thorium. It is also used to increase the strength of Aluminium and Magnesium alloys. The addition of Yttrium to alloys generally improves workability, adds resistance to high-temperature recrystallization and significantly enhances resistance to high-temperature oxidation. Yttrium Metal can be further processed to various shapes of ingots, pieces, wires, foils, slabs, rods, discs and powder.