Vanadium pentoxide (V2O5)

is a brown/yellow solid, although when freshly precipitated from aqueous solution, its colour is deep orange. Because of its high oxidation state, it is both an amphoteric oxide and an oxidizing agent. From the industrial perspective, it is the most important compound of vanadium, being principal precursor to alloys of vanadium and is a widely used industrial catalyst.


1, Ferrovanadium production
In terms of quantity, the dominant use for vanadium pentoxide is in the production of ferrovanadium. The oxide is heated with scrap iron and ferrosilicon, with lime added to form a calcium silicate slag. Aluminium may also be used, producing the iron-vanadium alloy along with alumina as a by-product.

2, Sulfuric acid production
Another important use of vanadium pentoxide is in the manufacture of sulfuric acid, an important industrial chemical.

3, Catalyst

It is also used as catalyst in the selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NOx emissions in some power plants. Due to its effectiveness in converting sulfur dioxide into sulfur trioxide, and thereby sulfuric acid, special care must be taken with the operating temperatures and placement of a power plant's SCR unit when firing sulfur-containing fuels.

Vanadium pentoxide 99-99.8% min
V2O4 0.4% max
Si 0.005% max
Fe 0.02% max
P 0.13% max
S 0.02% max
As 0.001% max
Na 0.003% max
K 0.01% max
Cl 0.004% max
Bulk Density 1.2-1.28 g/cc
Mo 0.02% max
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